This article was produced in participation with the Partners in Preservation program, which will be awarding $3 million in grants to historic sites across New York City based on your votes – so go vote now! Then, tell me who you voted for for a chance to win a $50 AmEx gift card!
This past January, I wrote a pretty extensive post on New York City’s first airport, Floyd Bennett Field. I managed to cover a lot of the remaining buildings, but there was one in particular I wasn’t able to get into: Hangar B.
I was pretty disappointed – a bunch of readers had written to tell me about the great preservation work being done inside to old airplanes, and I was anxious to see for myself. This past weekend, I finally had the chance to take a tour, and my first thought on entering the hangar was…
Spanning an enormous 2-acres in size, every corner of of Hangar B is filled with aircraft from literally every era of aviation.
Hangar B was built in 1941 by the US Navy and used primarily for seaplanes. I have to admit, walking around and seeing everything from prop planes…
…to a World War II “Catalina”…
…to an old army ambulance…
…I suddenly had a very strong feeling that an Indiana Jones-style adventure scene was on the verge of breaking out around me.
The aircraft restoration efforts are the work of the Historic Aircraft Restoration Project, or HARP, created and staffed entirely by volunteers.
Many of the volunteers are retired aviation mechanics, a few in their 80′s; others are amateurs, willing to get a little greasy in exchange for learning about airplane restoration.
Every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, HARP members gather to breathe a little more life into these aging beauties.
You could pretty much stumble onto any sort of aircraft in Hangar B, going as far back as this Wright Brothers model (a replica).
Though this one has never taken to the skies, it’s pretty cool to see how the Wrights’ revolutionary work with bike parts…
…would eventually lead to something like the Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter:
The Stratofreighter (I really wish the “strato” prefix would return to our product lexicon) was a long range heavy military cargo aircraft based on the B-29 bomber, and could carry up to 35,000 pounds.
One of the defining features is its enlarged “double bubble” fuselage, which gives it an awesomely powerful look:
The Stratofreighter was the first mass-produced aircraft to feature a pressurized cabin, which would soon become the standard.
HARP works hard to meet the Smithsonian’s standard of aircraft restoration, namely: “If it doesn’t fly, it’s not an airplane.” Below is a fully restored Grumman JRF-5 “Goose” flying boat, which, back in the 1930′s, would have been used to transport wealthy Gold Coast clientele to Wall Street, literally landing in the river.
Later, “Gooses” were used by the Coast Guard and NYC Police Department, hence the paint job pictured above.
Another fascinating plane in great shape: the Lockheed SP2 H “Neptune” Anti-Submarine Patrol Bomber.
First flown at the end of World War II, the Neptune was designed with an observation fuselage, in which a bombardier would literally sit and stare at the water in hopes of spotting a sub.
One of the pleasures of exploring Hangar B is finding these planes exposed in ways you normally don’t get to see. Very cool to see the Neptune’s three engine coverings opened…
…to reveal its fascinating inner workings inside (I’m no expert, but I believe that’s a Wright R-3350 Cyclone Radial).
Mounted beside it, a Westinghouse Turbojet engine.
Curious how these enormous engines are moved around the hangar? Simple! You apparently attach the front bit into one of these dollies and push it around.
I imagine this is useful, as Hangar B is one of those fun places where spare aircraft engines are just sort of lying about everywhere.
The Neptune features an external bomb load…
…as well as a bomb bay. At one point, the Neptune was considered for use as a nuclear bomber, but this was eventually discarded, as the Neptune was unable to land on aircraft carriers.
Some of the planes in Hangar B are in pristine condition, like this Lockheed Vega “Winnie Mae” replica, finished just two weeks ago after six years of work. It was given a color scheme based on the plane famed aviator Wiley Post used to fly around the world twice in.
Others…er, have a little further to go…
This one was a recent donation from the Aviation High School in Queens. How do you transport a plane through New York City streets? Start by removing the wings…
Inside the fuselage…
…and into the engine:
HARP is currently vying for grant money from the Partners in Preservation program, which it hopes to use for important restoration work on its Douglas C-47 “Skytrain” Transport.
Considered to be one of the greatest aircraft ever built, the Skytrain was used extensively by the allies during World War II and flew in every theater of war up until 1975.
This particular model’s history is evident simply by looking at its rear emblem…
…where an outer layer of paint has been removed to reveal its World War II color scheme beneath.
I have absolutely no clue how any of this works, but I find something about the symmetry of the technology absolutely beautiful (again, I’m no expert, but I think that’s a Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Radial):
Specifically, the grant money from Partners in Preservation would go toward “removing corrosion, metalwork, re-skin degraded flight surfaces and prepare for historic paint scheme” authentic to World War II. Nice!
The Skytrain was based on the revolutionary DC-3 aircraft, which upped the number of passenger seats from the standard 12 to 22, making airline travel profitable for the first time in history.
Walking through Hangar B, I was particularly amazed by the longevity of some of the airplanes. Pictured below is a Grumman HU-16 “Albatross” Flying Boat, which first flew in October 1947 and was in use until March 1983. This very model holds the distinction of being the last fixed-wing amphibious aircraft flown by the US military.
The last aviation record set at Floyd Bennett Field was the first ever transatlantic helicopter crossing, using a Sikorsky HH 3-E “Pelican” Search & Rescue Helecopter (the model below is a 3-F).
Two copters made the trip to Paris, which required 30 hours 46 minutes of flight time and nine mid-air refuelings.
The Pelican’s loading ramp:
Finally, I wanted to mention the Douglas A-4 “Skyhawk” fighter jet.
First flown in 1954, here’s a picture of the Skyhawk in flight…
…though you probably know it better as the enemy planes used in Top Gun:
Historical sidenote: due to international treaty, all evil pilots are required by law to wear helmets with visors that cast weird reflections and obscure their faces.
What exactly is this strange pole extending from the front of the Skyhawk? That would be for mid-air refuelings:
Like most aircraft, the Skyhawk is covered in various warnings I always assume must be insanely obvious to people who work on planes. Like, I have to figure that if you’re close enough to the Skyhawk that its jet intake might be a problem, you probably know to stay clear…
Likewise, if you’re in a position to actually remove a plane’s nose, don’t you think you’d remember to disconnect the electrical wiring first?
A quick glimpse at the various weapons-related controls inside:
Part of the fun of visiting the HARP project is simply to see the old hangar. Built in 1941, Hangar B was intended to be torn down, a plan that was thankfully ignored.
There’s a lot of great ancient rusting machinery…
…areas with that classic “abandoned” patina…
…and always overhead, a really impressive latticework of steel holding up the old wooden frame:
HARP is open to the public on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays from 9a to 4p, and I definitely recommend making the trip. In fact, now that the weather is nicer, why not take a bike ride out to Floyd Bennett Field? I always use the “close your eyes and try to head south-east” method, checking my map as few times as possible. The best way of finding something new is getting lost.